The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is a collaboration agreement that was established in December 1998. The original scope of 3GPP was to produce globally applicable Technical Specifications and Technical Reports for a 3rd Generation Mobile System based on evolved GSM core networks and the radio access technologies that they support (i.e. , Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (UTRA) both Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) and Time Division Duplex (TDD) modes). The scope was subsequently amended to include the maintenance and development of the Global System for Mobile communication (GSM) Technical Specifications and Technical Reports including evolved radio access technologies (e.g. General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) and Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE)). www.3gpp.org
CTIA is the voice of the wireless industry—representing its members in a constant dialogue with policy makers in the Executive Branch, in the Federal Communications Commission, and in Congress, CTIA’s industry committees provide leadership in the area of taxation, roaming, safety, regulations, fraud and technology. www.ctia.org
ETSI plays a major role in developing a wide range of standards and other technical documentation as Europe’s contribution to world-wide standardization in telecommunications, broadcasting and information technology. ETSI’s prime objective is to support global harmonization by providing a forum in which all the key players can contribute actively. ETSI is officially recognized by the European Commission and the EFTA secretariat. www.etsi.org
The GSM Association’s goal is to make wireless work globally. Among many areas of focus by the GSMA as a global trade association, it aims to accelerate the implementation of collectively identified, commercially prioritised operator requirements and to take leadership in representing the global GSM mobile operator community with one voice on a wide variety of issues—nationally, regionally and globally.www.gsmworld.com
The IEEE is a non-profit, technical professional association of more than 380,000 individual members in 150 countries. The IEEE 802 LAN/MAN Standards Committee develops Local Area Network standards and Metropolitan Area Network standards. One of its working groups is 802.11 which specifies standards for wireless local area networks. The IEEE 802.11 specifications address both the Physical (PHY) and Media Access Control (MAC) layers and are tailored to resolve compatibility issues between manufacturers of Wireless LAN equipment.
The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet. It is open to any interested individual.www.ietf.org
The Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) is the leading U.S. non-profit trade association serving the communications and information technology industry, with proven strengths in market development, trade shows, domestic and international advocacy, standards development and enabling e-business. Through its worldwide activities, the association facilitates business development opportunities and a competitive market environment. TIA provides a market-focused forum for its member companies, which manufacture or supply the products and services used in global communications. www.tiaonline.org
The Wi-Fi Alliance is a nonprofit international association formed in 1999 to certify interoperability of wireless Local Area Network products based on IEEE 802.11 specification. Currently the Wi-Fi Alliance has over 200 member companies from around the world, and over 1500 products that have received Wi-Fi® certification since certification began in March of 2000. The goal of the Wi-Fi Alliance’s members is to enhance the user experience through product interoperability. www.wi-fi.org